Posted tagged ‘Moses’

Exodus 19-22

May 25, 2009

What wonders lie ahead for the children of Israel while wandering through the wilderness?

Exodus 19

  • The Israelites arrived at the base of Mount Sinai about two months after leaving Egypt.
  • Moses climbed Mount Sinai to see God.  God told him that if the Israelites kept God’s covenant and obeyed him, they would be his special treasure.  Moses told the people, and they agreed to do everything God told them to do.
  • The Lord decided to speak to the people directly.  So the Israelites had to purify themselves for two days.  They could also not cross a boundary.
  • God told Moses to bring Aaron back with him on the top of Mount Sinai.

Exodus 20

  • God then gave the ten commandments.  They are as follows:
    1. Worship God alone as god… don’t worship any other gods.
    2. Don’t make idols.
    3. Don’t misuse God’s name.
    4. Keep the Sabbath day holy.
    5. Honor your father and mother.
    6. Don’t murder.
    7. Don’t commit adultery.
    8. Don’t steal.
    9. Don’t lie.
    10. Don’t covet — to want the possessions of others.
  • The Israelites were afraid of the thunder and loud horn (from seeing/hearing the presence of God).  Moses told them to let this same fear keep them from sinning.
  • God then gives the Israelites a few rules about building and using altars.

Exodus 21

  • God gives Israel some instructions on how to treat their slaves (my study Bible notes that the Bible does acknowledge the existence of slavery but never promotes it).
  • If the slave is a Hebrew man, he will serve for only six years then be set free.  If he marries during this time, only he will be free after seven years; if he was married beforehand, his wife will be free with him.
  • If the master gives his slave a wife, and they have children, only the slave is free after six years.  If the slave still wants to serve his master to be with his family, he can belong to his master forever.
  • If a man sells his daughter to slavery, she is not free after six years.  If her owner gives her his son to marry, the owner should treat her as a daughter.  Likewise, if the owner marries her, he should treat her as his wife.
  • God also gave some instructions for personal injuries.
  • Deliberate murderers, someone who strikes or curses one of his parents, and kidnappers should be killed.  If the killing is an accident, that person can flee if God allows it.
  • If there is a quarrel, the person who hurts the other must pay for time lost and medical expenses.
  • If a male of female slave is beaten to death, the owner should be punished.
  • Hurting a pregnant woman should be punishable by having to pay damages.
  • An eye for an eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, etc.  This is a guideline for judges… not as a rule for personal relationships (according to my study Bible).
  • If an owner knocks out a tooth or injures a slaves eye, that slave should be set free for payment.
  • If an animal kills a human, that animal must be killed.  If the owner of that animal does not kill it, and it kills another person, the owner must also be killed (unless the person is a slave, in which case money must be paid).
  • If someone uncovers a well, and an animal falls into it (since the person did not cover the well), they must pay the owner of the dead animal.

Exodus 22

  • God gives the Israelites more rules about what to do if property/livestock is stolen or killed.
  • God also gives rules about social responsibility, like what to do if a man sleeps with an unmarried virgin.  These rules also include some things like don’t exploit widows or orphans, don’t blaspheme God, don’t hold back when you tithe, and several others.
  • Suffice it to say that God is giving Israel laws that can help the judges and the other Israelites know what to do in certain situations.
Advertisements

Genesis 49 – Exodus 2

May 20, 2009

Jacob has come to Goshen to be close to Joseph and lived about seventeen years.  Near his death, it is time to hand out the blessings (or curses!)…

Genesis 49

  • Although Reuben was firstborn, he would not receive the double blessing or any of his other rights as firstborn, because he slept with Bilhah, Jacob’s concubine.
  • Simeon and Levi have their anger and wrath cursed, due to their actions against Shechem.  They killed the man that raped their sister Dinah and everyone in Shechem’s land, dishonoring Jacob.
  • Judah is blessed.  Perhaps this is due to Judah’s change of character when he stood for his brother, because he had done some awful things in the past (lying to his daughter, selling Joseph into slavery).  Judah’s descendants would come to include Jesus.
  • Gen. 49:10 says “…until the coming of the one to whom it belongs,…” which can also mean ‘until Shiloh comes.’  Shiloh has been disputed to be another name for Messiah or to the Tabernacle set up at the city of Shiloh.  Either way, this prophecy came true.
  • Zebulun will be a harbor for ships.
  • Issachar will submit to forced labor.
  • Dan will goven his people but will not be a good leader unless he trusts in God (based on Gen. 49:18: “I trust in you for salvation, O Lord!” — Jacob prays to God that Dan will turn to Him).
  • Gad will be plundered and in turn will plunder those same people.
  • Asher will produce good food.
  • Naphtali is compared to a deer producing great fawns.
  • Joseph will be fruitful.  He has remained strong in times of adversity.  He is greatly blessed and is prince among his brothers.
  • Benjamin will devour his enemies like a wolf.
  • Jacob told his sons to bury him in Machpelah, where Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, and Leah were buried.  After making his sons commit to this, he died.

Genesis 50

  • Joseph wept over his father and kissed him.  Then Jacob was embalmed (as was custom in Egypt), which took forty days (the mourning lasted for seventy days!).
  • Joseph got permission from Pharaoh to bury Jacob in Machpelah as Jacob requested.  Several of Pharaoh’s counselors and advisors went with Jacob, as did his brothers and some of Jacob’s household.
  • They held a solemn funeral and had a seven-day period of mourning.
  • Once they returned to Egypt, Joseph’s brothers were afraid that now Joseph would get his revenge on them.  Joseph reassured them that he would still take care of them as he did before.
  • Joseph died at the age of 110.  He told his brothers that eventually God would lead them out of Egypt and to Canaan, the land he promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
  • Joseph made the sons of Israel swear to take his body back to Canaan when God would lead them back there in the future.
  • So Joseph died, was embalmed, and placed in an Egyptian coffin.

Exodus 1

  • Joseph and his brothers died, as well as the current Pharaoh.  The Israelites prospered, bearing many children.
  • The new Pharaoh saw the Israelites as a threat.  So he made them slaves and put Egyptian slave drivers over them.  This was done in order to make the Israelites wear down and not multiply as much.
  • However, the more badly the Egyptians treated the Hebrews, the more quickly they multiplied.
  • The situation got so bad that Pharaoh ordered Shiphrah and Puah (two Hebrew midwives) to kill all Hebrew males as soon as they were born.  They did not follow this command.
  • When Pharaoh questioned them, they lied, saying the Hebrew women were strong, having there babies too quickly for them to kill them (unlike the Egyptian women, who were slow in giving birth).
  • Despite the lie, God blessed the midwives due to their obedience to God’s commandments — avoiding killing innocent life.
  • The Israelites continued to multiply and grow more powerful.  Pharaoh ordered all his people to throw all Israelite male babies into the Nile, but the girls could be spared.

Exodus 2

  • A man and woman of Levi’s descent married and had a baby boy.  The wife hid him for three months then made a weatherproof, waterproof basket and put him in the Nile, where his sister watched him from a distance.
  • One of Pharaoh’s daughters found the baby, who touched her heart with his cries.  The baby’s sister asked the daughter if she would like one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby.  Pharaoh’s daughter agreed to this.
  • The baby’s mother nursed the baby until he was older, when she brought him back to the princess.  He was named Moses (meaning ‘to draw out’ — from drawing him out of the water).
  • When Moses was grown up, he saw an Egyptian beating one of the Hebrews.  Making sure no one was watching, he killed the Egyptian and buried him.
  • The next day, he saw two Hebrew men fighting.  They asked him if he was going to kill them, as he did the Egyptian.
  • Figuring out that Pharaoh was going to have him arrested and killed for his murder, Moses fled to Midian.
  • Shepherds would often chase the girls of a priest of Midian and their flocks away from a well.  Moses aided them one day, rescuing the girls from the shepherds.
  • When the girls returned to their father, Reuel, so quickly, they told him about Moses.  Reuel invited Moses over for a meal.
  • Moses accepted and started living with Reuel’s family.  Eventually, Reuel gave one of his daughters, Zipporah, to be Moses’ wife, and they had a son named Gershom (meaning ‘a stranger there’).
  • Several years passed, and Pharaoh died.  But still the Israelites were enslaved.  God heard Israel’s pleas and remembered his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.